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Could being tall one day be as easy as ordering the right gene for our children? That could become a reality sometime in the future, due to scientists` unlocking of humans genes. This may eventually allow anyone who wants to get taller, to reach their goals.
Scientists learned of a particular gene, HMGA2, which influences whether someone is taller or shorter. In their study, those people who had two duplicates of the "tall" variety of HMGA2 were a maximum of one centimeter taller than those people who had two duplicates of the "short" variety.
While this scientific breakthrough could eventually allow people to control how tall their children will be, another important result could occur. Scientists have revealed that this important discovery could allow us to better comprehend how height and diseases are connected.
Although the discovery of the HMGA2 was groundbreaking, it was just the beginning of scientists` quest to unlock the genetic secrets about which genes impact how tall or short a person will be—and thus impact one`s ability to get taller.
Prior to the discovery of HMGA2, scientists knew that along with one`s environment, genes certainly influenced a person`s height. However, after discovering this gene, they had reached a milestone in determining every "tall" gene in humans.
The study involved Harvard and Oxford universities, a medical school in Exeter and a children`s hospital in Boston. The participants in the study included thousands of European patients who donated DNA samples and information about their personal height and weight. By examining the DNA samples, scientists learned that even a basic alteration in the HMBGA2 gene influenced if one would get taller or shorter. The scientists verified their finding by finding identical two varieties of the gene in additional 30,000 participants.
Following the conclusion of the experiment, the scientist determined that about a quarter of the participants had two duplicates of the "tall" form of the HMBGA2 gene. Meanwhile, roughly the same amount had two duplicates of the short form of the gene. This caused the scientists to determine that the gene played a major role in determining how short or tall a person would become. Changes in the gene caused the same effect in humans as it did in the tiny animals.
However, it`s important to note if your mission is to get taller, that height is type of trait classified as "polygenic." This means that several genes influence whether a person will be short or tall. Uncovering these genes will help researchers to unlock the mysteries of tallness in humans.
Besides helping to explain why some people get taller than others, scientists hope to also learn the link between height and the danger of obtaining certain diseases. In general, it seems that it is more probable for taller people to acquire certain types of cancer, while shorter people typically are less likely to obtain heart disease.
Perhaps one day parents will be capable of influencing the height of their future children, based on certain "tall" genes. Until then, scientists will continue to uncover such designer genes.